Libyan Journal of Medicine
pISSN 1993-2820    eISSN 1819-6357
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Instructions for Authors
Manuscript Submission
Authors should submit their manuscripts electronical by clicking on the authors pathway box followed by submit manuscript. The authors could check the progress of their manuscript by clicking on the authors pathway box followed by my submissions.

Manuscripts must be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript and should not be submitted by anyone else on their behalf. The principal/corresponding author has to submit a cover letter along with the manuscript on behalf of all the co-authors (if any). The author(s) will confirm that the manuscript (or any part of it) has not been published previously or is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. Furthermore, any illustration, structure or table that has been published elsewhere must be reported, and copyright permission for reproduction must be obtained.

For all submissions, please provide your main text in MS word format, figures / illustrations in JPEG, and tables in MS Word, as separate files.

It is imperative that before submission, authors should carefully proofread the files for special characters, mathematical symbols, Greek letters, equations, tables and images, to ensure that they appear in proper format.

Manuscript Preparation: The manuscript should be written in English in a clear, direct and active style. All pages must be numbered sequentially, facilitating the reviewing and editing of the manuscript.

There is no maximum manuscript length limit for original articles and comprehensive review articles. There is no restriction on the number of figures, tables or additional files, e.g. video clips, animation and datasets, that can be included with each article online. Authors should include all relevant supporting data with their manuscript.

Manuscript sections: Manuscripts for original articles submitted to the journal should be divided into the following sections:

Title page

List of abbreviations (if any)


Text of the main body of the manuscript

Conflict of interest (if any)

Acknowledgements (if any)


Figures/illustrations (if any)

Tables and captions (if any)

Supportive/supplementary material (if any)

Cover letter: A mandatory requirement is a cover letter that should be provided with the submitted manuscript, delineating the scope of the submitted article, declaring any potential competing interests, describing the authors’ contributions to the manuscript and funding agencies, and certifying that the paper has been prepared according to the ‘Instructions for Authors’.

Title: The title should be precise and brief and must not be more than 120 characters. Authors should avoid the use of non standard abbreviations.
Authors should also provide a short ‘running title’ and a list of five keywords or phrases that most clearly typify the main points made in the manuscript.

Abstract: A short abstract not exceeding 200 words is required for all papers. Structured abstracts should contain the subheadings: Background /aims, material /methods, results, and conclusions. The abstract should summarize the essential features of the article. The use of abbreviations should be reduced to a minimum and the references should not be cited in the abstract.

Text organization: The main text should begin on a separate page and should be divided into sections. For original articles, the main text must be structured into separate sections: Introduction, Materials and Methodology, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion.

Ethical approval of studies and informed consent: For human or animal experimental investigations, it is a prerequisite to obtain a formal review and approval, or review and waiver, by the appropriate body (local ethics committee, national ethics committee, Ministry of Health, etc). This approval should be documented in the manuscript. For investigations undertaken on patients or volunteers, state in the Methods section the manner in which informed consent was obtained from the study participants (i.e., oral or written). Consent must also be obtained for all Case Reports and Clinical Pictures.

Writing style: The authors are advised to present and discuss their observations in brief. The manuscript style must be uniform throughout the text and 12 pt Arial fonts should be used. The full term for an abbreviation should precede its first appearance in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement.

List of abbreviations: If abbreviations are used in the text, they should be defined on first use. However, if the term is used only twice throughout the manuscript, no abbreviation should be used.

Conflict of interest: Financial contributions to the work being reported should be clearly acknowledged, as should any potential conflict of interest.

Acknowledgements: Please acknowledge anyone (individual/company/institution) who has contributed to the study by making substantial contributions to conception or design of the study, acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data, or who was involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content. Please list the source(s) of funding for the study, for each author, and for the manuscript preparation in the acknowledgements section.

References: References must be listed in the numerical system (Vancouver). All references should be numbered sequentially [in square brackets] in the text and listed in the same numerical order in the reference section. The authors should ensure that all references are correct and that the reference list is formatted correctly and without any errors. Correct use of commas, full-stops, semicolons, colons and spaces should be observed.

See below a few examples of references listed in the correct Vancouver style:
For journal articles with six authors or less: Bredan AS, van Roy F. Writing readable prose: when planning a scientific manuscript, following a few simple rules has a large impact. EMBO Rep. 2006; 7:846-9.
For journal articles with more than six authors: Bagasra O, Patel D, Bobroski L, et al. Localization of human herpesvirus type 8 in human sperms by in situ PCR. J Mol Histol. 2005; 36:401-2.
For books/chapters: Ricci JL, Guichet J-M. Total hip replacement: A third look. Cindra AB, Franklin DE, editors. State of the art orthopaedics, vol 3, Hips. New York: Wiley; 1988:56-9.
For conference abstracts: Christensen S, Oppacher F. An analysis of Koza's computational effort statistic for genetic programming. Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming; 2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland. Berlin: Springer; 2002:182-91.

Online citations should include the date of access.
References must be complete and accurate.

Journal titles should conform to the present ACM Guide to Computing Literature/Chemical Abstracts abbreviations.

Abstracts, unpublished data and personal communications (which can only be included if prior permission has been obtained) should not be given in the reference section but they may be mentioned in the text and details provided as footnotes.

The authors are encouraged to use a recent version of EndNote (version 5 and above) or Reference Manager (version 10) when formatting their reference list, as this reduces errors and facilitates indexing.

Figures / illustrations: The authors should provide the illustrations as separate JPEG files, as well as embedded in the text file. They should be numbered consecutively in the order of their appearance. Each figure should include a single illustration.

Illustrations as well as the text in the figures should be designed in resolution high enough to maintain the legibility even on being viewed at a width of 600 pixels.

Text within figures should be in Arial font. Select a font point compatible with the size of the graphics.

For illustrations, the JPEG format is essential.

Tables: Data Tables should be submitted in Microsoft Word table format. Each table should be accompanied by a title/caption that is explanatory in itself with respect to the details discussed in the table. Detailed legends may then follow. The title/caption should not be part of the table.

The table number itself should be in bold font (e.g. Table 1). The title should be in lower case and the first letter should be in upper case. A full-stop should be placed at the end of the title.

Columns and rows of data should be made visibly distinct by ensuring that the borders of each cell are displayed as black lines.

Tables should be numbered in Arabic numerals sequentially in the order of their citation in the body of the text.

If a reference is cited in both the table and text, please insert a lettered footnote in the table to refer to the numbered reference in the text.

Tabular data provided as additional files can be submitted as an Excel spreadsheet.

Authors and institutional affiliations: The authors are required to provide their full names and the names and addresses of their institutions. An asterisk should be inserted in front of the name of the principal/corresponding author. The corresponding author should be designated and his/her complete address, office telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address must be stated to receive correspondence and galley proofs.

Language and editing: Manuscripts must be written in good English in a clear and correct style. In order to maintain uniformity throughout the text, the manuscript should be written in either American or British English. All inconsistencies in the text and in the reference section and any typographical errors must be carefully checked and corrected before submission of the manuscript. Reviewers may advise rejection of a manuscript if it is compromised by grammatical errors.
Copyright: Authors who publish in LJM retain copyright to their work. Submission of a manuscript to the journal implies that all authors have read and agreed to the content of the manuscript and the covering letter. It is a condition of publication that manuscripts submitted to this journal have not been published and will not be simultaneously submitted or published elsewhere. Once submitted to the journal, the authors may not withdraw their manuscript at any stage. Plagiarism is strictly forbidden.

Journal Submission Checklist

It is important to prepare the manuscript properly. Using this checklist helps to ensure your manuscript meets the journal requirement

Check list:

The cover letter must include the article type (original work, review, case report …etc)

The title page should include the following:-

A short title
Up to five keywords
The authors listed
Detailed information about the corresponding author including the a phone number, a fax number and the e-mail address
The abstract should be structured in the original research articles as following:


It essential to include the following in the methods section:

The funding sources
An ethical and patients’ approval statement

Please check that the references are accuracy and cited correctly in the manuscript
Tables and figures
The correct file format should be used (JPEG)
All tables and figures should be mentioned clearly in the manuscript
Always check and double check the spelling

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