Ventriculo-Peritoneal Shunt Infections in Infants and Children B Aly 1, H M Kamal 2, 3 1 - Department of Neurosurgery, King Fahad Hofuf Hospital, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia. 2 - Department of Pediatrics. King Fahad Hofuf Hospital, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia. 3 -
Libyan J Med 2008; 3(1):20-22 ICID: 872685
Article type: Original article
IC™ Value: 3.00
Abstract provided by Publisher
Objective: To determine the rate and the type of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt infections in infants and children admitted to King Fahad Hofuf hospital of Al-Ahsaa area at the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.
Methods: From mid 2003 to end of 2006; VP shunt infection episodes were reviewed. Once infection was suspected, a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sample was taken and empirical antibiotics were recommended. Once infection was confirmed, VP shunt was removed and external ventricular drainage (EVD) was inserted until CSF became sterile after which a new shunt was inserted.
Results: 25.9% of patients with VP shunts had infections which represents 29.3% of the procedures. 40% of infected patients had recurrent episodes. 59.1% of infections occurred throughout the first two months following insertion. Single pathogen was isolated in each episode. Pseudomonas auerginosa represented 50% of isolated pathogens compared with 18.2% with Staphylococcus epidermidis.
Conclusions There is a high incidence of VP shunt infections in King Fahad Hofuf hospital when compared with other international centres. Gram negative organisms are the most common cause of the infection.